The Memory of a Lively Oroqen

As one of the 55 minorities in China, Oreqen located in inner Mongolia and Helongjiang Province. The followings are videos related to their traditions.

Title: Heihe in Heilongjiang 2 (Part 2 of 3): homes of the Oroqen tribes and horseback hunting

Data Published: July 20,2014


This episode of Travelogue explores the unique culture of Oroqen tribes. The presenter Marc Edwards interviewed people in Oroqen about their traditional clothes, hats and joined a horseback hunting expedition.

Authority: Travelogue CGTN


Travelogue is an adventure tourism television series produced by China Central Television. Each episode features a host who travels with a camera crew to a new destination in China or around the globe and experiences the sights, sounds, and culture that the location has to offer.
The show often takes the viewers beyond popular tourist destinations in order to give a more authentic and in depth look at local culture. Presenters often participate in the local and traditional culture wherever they go. They address the viewer directly, acting as tourists-turned-tour guides, but are also filmed interacting with locals and discovering interesting locations in (mostly) unrehearsed sequences.

Purpose: News

Copyright: I claim no rights to this video. © CCTV NEWS, all rights reserved.

Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.


Video Here

Title: Ethic Oroqen keeps traditional crafts alive

Data Published: June 22th 2013

Description: The Oroqen people have been using birch bark which is a endangered handicraft to make everything in their life. It can use to make boats, containers, and even home. But the daily use crafts are fading into history right now.

Authority: CCTV

Credibility: China Central Television (formerly Beijing Television), commonly abbreviated as CCTV, is the predominant state television broadcaster in the People’s Republic of China. CCTV has a network of 50 channels broadcasting different programmes and is accessible to more than one billion viewers. As of present, there are 50 television channels, and the broadcaster provides programming in six different languages. Most of its programmes are a mixture of news, documentary, social education, comedy, entertainment, and drama, the majority of which consists of Chinese soap operas and entertainment.

Purpose: News

Copyright: © 2014 China Central Television. All Rights Reserved


Last Reindeer Herder in China – Oroqen and Their Health Issues


The Oroqens, with a population of 8,196, mainly live in the northeast of Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region in Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Zhalantun, Molidawa Banner and Arong Banner and in the Heilongjiang province in Tahe county, Huma county, Xunke county, Jiayin county and Heihe city. They make their homes in the Greater and Lesser Hinggan Mountains, which form the backbone of the Northeast China and the Heilongjiang River Basin.

Its name “Oroqen” is called by the nationality itself. One of my reasons that am interested in this group is because there are two meanings of its name: “the people inhabiting on mountains” and “the people employing reindeer”. I never thought about people in a ethic group can still using shotguns legally in China and become a reindeer herder.

As one of the smallest minorities in China, I haven’t have a lot information about this group and I am very willing to share the information and translated into English because I can’t find any information about the health issues in Oroqen when I google it. I am delighted to be the first one to organize it.

Based on the information on Chinese Website, I have found major health issues that Oroqens have: Tuberculosis (TB), Keshan disease or endemic cardiomyopathy, Kaschin-Beck, Alcohol related disorders and Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD).


The followings are hyperlinks about Oroqen health issues and Medication:

Wiki Keshan disease 

Alcohol Related Disorders (Chinese)

Academic Research Projects on ALL health issues (Chinese)

History and Medication of Oroqen (Chinese)

News about disease prevention on officialT site (Chinese)

Medication (Chinese)



Google Map of Oroqen in China (Very General)

The highlight part on the northeast of China is the inhabit area for Oroqen. It’s very close to both Mongolia and Russia.

General Map of Oroqen in China or Google Map of General Oroqen in China

On this map, you can clearly see that the Oroqens live in between of Heilongjiang Province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

Google Map of “Close up” Oroqen

Daxin’an Mountains is near by the Oroqen.

Local Map from Chinese National Geography (Chinese)

Though it’s a Chinese Map, it’s very easy to understand. As you can see, the green dots are where major inhabit regions of Oroqens and the black dots are cities near by. The orange lines are the boundaries of the provinces. The blue lines are the rivers and on the top right is the Heilong River which is the main source of water to Oroqens.


 If you want to know more about Oroqen:

Cultural China with pictures of aircrafts 

China Organization

Facts and Details (Highly Recommend)

Science Museums of China

China Culture about customs of Oroqen

China Culture about the nationality of Oroqen

Tales From China’s Forest Hunters: Oroqen Folktales (University of Pennsylvania)

Southern Mongolian Human Rights information Center

Language of Oroqen